A well-managed compost will provide a nutritious and performing scnet that will lighten the heavy soil and give light to the land. You will not need any other fertilizer or potting compost with long-cured compost. Moreover, pay attention to the fresh manure smell. It causes, as is rarely known, many diseases and outbreaks of slugs.
What Materials to Compost?
The “brown” materials: dead leaves, dry twigs, crushed branches, wood shavings and sawdust, bark, straw … Dry and hard, they are rich in lignin and cellulose, carbonaceous substances that provide the most stable humus. When used alone, they decompose slowly because they lack water and nitrogen.
“Green” materials: kitchen waste and fresh grass clippings. Unlike brown materials, they are damp, soft and contain many substances that are rapidly fermentable. They are rich in mineral salts and nitrogen, but their yield in humus is low. The best way to get rid of kitchen waste is to use a garbage disposal. Go here to see some garbage disposal ratings.
To obtain a good carbon / nitrogen dosage and to maintain a good aeration of the compost, it is therefore necessary to make about half green matter, half brown matter.
Reducing the waste into small pieces allows easier mixing, reduced volumes and above all a faster attack by decomposing microorganisms. The compost will be easier to recover at the end of decomposition and will not need to be sieved.
Practical advice: as your sizes or rakes, especially in the autumn, make up, next to your compost silo, a lot of brown material: cuttings of trees and hedges, crushed, dry twigs, leaves … When you pour your kitchen waste, you will soon cover these brown materials. Otherwise, at certain times, especially in winter, you may run out of these precious brown materials.
When to use your compost?
Wait until your compost is ripe, that is, blackish, lumpy and odorless. The original materials are no longer recognizable and red worms are no longer numerous. It is obtained after about six months, sometimes faster in silos. This is the one that you should prefer for most of your plants.
The semi-ripe compost is recognizable by its red worms, which are extremely numerous. It is distinguished in the middle, in the drawing on the right. Its cycle of decomposition is not completely completed. Some gourmet plants, like squash and tomatoes, like this type of compost.
Air out the waste
Airing and stirring is essential, as decomposing microorganisms require oxygen. Without this, anaerobic, putrid, malodorous fermentation occurs, turning it into unfertile compost. If there are too many green materials, they become tight, fermenting, which reduces aeration. Mixing them with coarsely brown materials helps to maintain sufficient porosity in the pile. Otherwise, you will have to compensate for the settling, stirring very often, or even turning over the pile several times …
Each contribution, mix the new waste with contribution and with the compost starts to form underneath. Thus, you sow new wastes with micro-organisms and small decomposing animals, which speeds up their decomposition.